Bio (Leslie King)

Bio Horizontal

Leslie King


Professor, Program Head, Master of Arts and Master of Science in Environmental Practice, Graduate Certificate in Science and Policy of Climate Change. Director, Canadian Centre for Environmental Education


Environment and Sustainability

School of Environment and Sustainability Prof. Leslie King's life has been dedicated to environmental education and inspiring and empowering people to enter and excel in the environmental field, solving local to global environmental problems including climate change and biodiversity loss.

Her research and teaching interests are integrated environmental sciences and planning, Indigenous environmental perspectives, environmental justice, climate change and biodiversity, environmental governance and knowledge systems including local and traditional ecological knowledge.

Before coming to Royal Roads, King was faculty at the University of Vermont, the Founding Chair of Environment at the University of Northern British Columbia, Founding Dean of the Clayton H. Riddell Faculty of Environment, Earth and Resources at the University of Manitoba and Vice President Academic at Vancouver Island University. She has developed environmental programs in Canada, the U.S. and Africa and designed curriculum from undergraduate to PhD programs and environmental literacy and anti-racism across the curriculum.

Her research sites are primarily in Africa and the Arctic as well as in Indigenous and local communities in North America. She has supervised scores of graduate students and takes delight in involving her students in her applied research and bringing research findings into the classroom and community.

Recent research projects include Conflicting Knowledge Systems in the Pacific Northwest, Meeting the Climate Change Challenge (MC3) Co PI with Prof. Ann Dale; Protected Areas and Poverty Reduction in Africa and Canada; Arctic Climate Predictions: Pathways to Sustainable Resilient Societies (ARCPATH); Northern Knowledge for Resilience, Sustainable Environments and Adaptation in Coastal Communities in the Circumpolar Arctic (NORSEACC); and Clam Gardens in BC: Eco-cultural Restoration (with Prof. Audrey Dallimore).


2011 to Present: Professor, School of Environment and Sustainability, Director Canadian Centre for Environmental Education, Royal Roads University

2019 to Present: University of the Highlands and Islands, Visiting Professor

2013 to Present: Stefansson Arctic Institute, Senior Research Affiliate.

2010 to Present: Vancouver Island University, Honorary Research Fellow

2010 to Present: Adjunct Professor: University of Victoria, (Geography, Environment, Member Graduate College) University of Manitoba, (Natural Resources Institute, Faculty of Graduate Studies)Dartmouth College, (Environment) University of Vermont (Environment, Natural Resources)

2007 to 2010: Vancouver Island University, Vice President Academic

2003 to 2007:  University of Manitoba, Professor and Founding Dean, Clayton H. Riddell Faculty of Environment, Earth, and Resources 

1999 to 2003: University of Northern British Columbia, Chair, Northwest Region, Professor, Environmental Studies

1995 to 1999: University of Northern British Columbia, Professor, Founding Chair, Environmental Studies, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies

1995 to Present: Dartmouth College - Research Associate

1984 to 1998: University of Vermont, Associate Professor, Environmental Studies and Natural Resource Planning, Environmental Program and School of Natural Resources.

1991 to 1992: Fulbright Fellow - Visiting Professor, University of Zimbabwe, Centre for Applied Social Sciences, Masters in Tropical Resource Ecology.

1984 to 1990: University of Vermont, Assistant Professor, Environmental Program

1981 to 1984: St. Lawrence University - Assistant Professor in Environmental Studies

1980 to 1981: University of Pennsylvania - Visiting Lecturer, Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning

1980 to 1981: Yale University – Visiting Fellow, Yale School of Forestry and Environment

1978 to 1979: University of Cape Town - Lecturer in Environmental Studies

1975 to 1979: Tavistock Institute of Human Relations - Applied Social Science Researcher, Institute for Organizational and Operational Research. London, UK


King holds a Ph.D. from the London School of Economics and Political Science (1983), a Master of Environmental Science from York University (1980), a Master of Education (Adult Education and Community Development) from the University of Toronto (1979), Civilisation Française, Sorbonne, France (1975), Quatrième Degré, Alliance Française, Paris, France (1975), and a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) from the University of British Columbia (1970.)

Selected Publications

King, L.A. and Ogilvie, A.E.J. (2020) The Challenge of Synthesis: Lessons from Arctic Climate Predictions: Pathways to Resilient, Sustainable Societies (ARCPATH). In (Douglas C. Nord, editor) Nordic Perspectives on the Responsible Development of the Arctic: Pathways to Action, Springer Nature, Switzerland,, 393-412.

Ogilvie, A.E.J., Gao, Y., Einarsson, N., Keenlyside, N., King, L. (2020) “The ARCPATH project: Assessing Risky Environments and Rapid Change: Research on Climate, Adaptation and Coastal Communities in the North Atlantic Arctic.” In (Douglas C. Nord, editor) Nordic Perspectives on the Responsible Development of the Arctic: Pathways to Action, Springer Nature, Switzerland,, 137-156.

Chambers, C., King, L.A., Cook, D., Malinauskaite, L., Willson, M., Ogilvie, A.E.J. and Einarsson, N.  (2020) “ ‘Small Science’: Community Engagement and Local Research in an Era of Big Science Agendas.” In (Douglas Nord, editor) Nordic Perspectives on Responsible Development of the Arctic: Pathways to Action, Springer Nature, Switzerland,, 203-224.

Orozco, A., King, L. Canessa, R. (2020). “Interplay and Cooperation in Environmental Conservation: Building Capacity and Responsive Institutions within and beyond the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, Canada.” Sage Open.

King, Leslie A. (2019) Traditions, Traps and Trends: Transfer of Knowledge in Arctic Regions, edited by Jarich Oosten and Barbara Helen Miller. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press. 2018. 318 pp. Journal of Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research. Book Review, Published online: 20 May 2019. PP 173-175.

Dale, A., J. Robinson, L. King, S. Burch, R. Newell, A. Shaw, F. Jost. (2019). “Meeting the climate change challenge: local government climate action in British Columbia, Canada.” Climate Policy, 1-15. DOI: 10.1080/14693062.2019.1651244.

Clermont, H., A. Dale, M. Reed, L. King . (2019) “Sense of Place as a Source of Tension in Canada’s West Coast Energy Conflicts.” Coastal Management, Vol 47:2.

Clermont, H.,  A. Dale, M. Reed, L. King . 2019. “Regional Ties with Nature in Resource Development Conflicts.” Coastal Management, March 2019.

Dale, A., King, L., Behan-Pelletier, V., Bazely, D., Beckel, M., Carr, D. …Vettese, S. M. (2019). Biodiversity conservation: A call for action for Canadian decision-makers. Victoria, BC: Royal Roads University. Retrieved from

Moore, A, L. King, R. Newell and A. Dale. (2018) “Toward an integrative framework for local development path analysis.” Ecology & Society, 23(2), 13. doi:10.5751/ES-10029-230213.

Orozco-Quintera, Aleja and Leslie King. (2018) “A cartography of dispossession: assessing spatial reorganization in state-led conservation in Saadani, Tanzania.” Journal of Political Ecology Vol 25, 2018.

Downie, B, P. Dearden, L. King. (2016) “Exploring paradoxes in the search for sustainable livelihoods: a case study from Tanzania.” Environment, Development, and Sustainability. DOI 10.1007/s10668-016-9896-2

King, Leslie, (2015). “Contribution: Zimbabwe Land Rights” in Rights and Resources initiative, 2015. Who Owns the World’s Lands? A global baseline of formally recognized indigenous and community land rights. Washington, DC. RRI

King, L. and A. Petrov. (2015) “Chapter 6, Northwest Territories.” In Larsen et al. Arctic Social Indicators: Applications. Nordic Council of Ministries.

King L. Arctic Human Development. (2014, 2020)  In Michalos, A.(Ed.)  Encyclopedia of  Quality of Life Research. Springer.

R. Newell and L.King 2014. T’Sou-ke Case Study; Meeting the Climate Change Challenge

R. Newell and L.King 2014. Prince George Case Study; Meeting the Climate Change Challenge

Murray G and L King. 2012 “First Nation Values and Protected Area Governance. Tla-o-qui-aht Tribal Parks and Pacific Rim National Park Reserve.” Human Ecology 40(3): 385 - 395

Murray, G. and L. King. 2011. First Nations Values and Protected Areas. IASC. Presented at the International Association for Study of the Commons, Hyderabad, India, January 10-17, 2011.

Robinson, L., Bennett, N., King, L., & Murray, G. 2012. “ ‘We Want Our Children to Grow Up to See These Animals’: Values and Protected Areas Governance in Canada, Ghana and Tanzania.” Human Ecology, 1–11. doi:10.1007/s10745-012-9502-7

S. Crate, L King and B. Forbes. “2010 Contact with Nature.” Chapter 6 in Arctic Social Indicators. 2010. Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers.

Young, Oran, L King and H. Schroeder.(Eds.) 2010. Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change,  MIT Press.

Young, O. L. King and H. Schroeder, 2003.Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change, Science Plan 1999 and revised in 2003, International Human Dimensions Program.

King, L. (2004) “Conflicting Knowledge Systems in the management of Fish and Forests in the Pacific Northwest.” 2004. Invited Paper for a Special Edition of International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law, and Economics. 4: 161-177.

Harris, G. and King, L.  (1999) “Reconsidering Planning and Environmental Protection” with Glenn Harris. 1999. In Jack L. Nasar and Wolfgang F. Preiser. 1999. Directions in Person-Environment Research and Practice. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishing.

King L and Hood, V. (1999) “Ecosystem Health and Sustainable Communities, North and South”. Ecosystem Health, Oxford: Blackwell. March 1999.

Prince George Airshed Technical Management Committee, (1998) “Air Quality Management Plan- Phase One - Final Draft.” Dec 2, 1998.

King, L. (1998) “Separation Anxiety: Thinking Like a Raven”, 1998.  International Journal of Wilderness.

Young, O. L. King, H Schroeder, 1998. IDGEC Science Plan.   International Human Dimensions Program.

King, L. 1997. Institutional Interplay in Global Environmental Change, 1997.  IDGEC (monograph, 80 pages).

King, L et al.1997 People and the Arctic. National Science Foundation. Arctic Research Consortium of the United States.

King, L. Inter-organizational Dynamics in the Implementation of Zimbabwe's Natural Resource Management Programme, 1994.  CASS, University of Zimbabwe.

King, L. “Economy, Environment and the Community Meet in the Commons”, 1993.  Proceedings: African Studies.  Boston, MA.

Broadbent, J. and L. King. 1991. “Environmental Sociology, 1991,” in Scarisbrick-Hauser and W.J. Hauser (Eds).  Environmental Sociology 3rd edition.  Washington: American Sociological Association.