Requires students to complete an independent research paper reporting findings of secondary research on an environmental problem or issue. Constitutes a substantial written examination of a topic relevant to environmental practice. Must demonstrate the student's knowledge and application of environmental theory in their declared area of concentration. Topics need not be original contributions to knowledge, but may constitute exercises in replication of relevant studies, application of knowledge to the field, development of instructional practices or policy analysis or development, surveys, and other types of projects negotiated with the program director. Standards of validity and academic rigor apply as appropriate to the nature of the research paper, whether it be a theoretical analysis, empirical study or naturalistic inquiry. Some, but not all, research-related learning outcomes of the program will be demonstrated in the graduating paper. Requires approximately 200 hours of student effort. *All program core and elective courses must have been completed.