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ENSC300: Foundations for Environmental Science

Provides the opportunity to demonstrate and solidify skills in English, Mathematics, Biology and Chemistry needed for success in Environmental Science. Students will receive lectures and laboratories in Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics
Course Credits: 3.0

ENSC303: Statistics

Focuses on how data can be transformed into reliable information. Statistical tests are employed using first principles, real examples, and the technology commonly employed by environmental scientists and managers. Students are introduced to statistical concepts and techniques through relevant examples and expected to demonstrate their understanding of statistics through the appropriate application of technology to real data.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENSC304: Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences

Focuses on the physical processes involved in the behaviour of the atmosphere and oceans, and how they create many observable natural phenomena and influence the movement of pollutants. Students explore a variety of short- and long-term phenomena that range in size from the micro to global scales, the challenges involved in their measurement and the application of fundamental concepts to environmental decision-making.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENSC306: Environmental Chemistry

Introduces students to the study of the sources, reactions, transport, fate and effects of chemical species in the physical environment, with special emphasis on the reactions in natural waters, the atmosphere and geosphere. Basic concepts in thermodynamics, redox, solution equilibria and organic chemistry are employed. The principles of environmental sampling and analysis, including the importance and practice of quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC), are also discussed. Concludes with a brief overview of the management of waste and contaminated soils. Field and laboratory practical exercises and examples from applied research projects are used to reinforce the concepts presented.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENSC313: Application of Environmental Law

ENSC 313 is a survey course that introduces a wide range of topics and concepts relating to the legal system in Canada generally, and the operation of public welfare or environmental statutes, laws and regulations within that system. Develops the ability to understand legal terms and concepts concurrently with developing basic legal research skills. Students discuss and review some of the key court decisions and statutes that have directed the development of environmental law in Canada, and are introduced to the principles of statutory interpretation, regulatory and administrative law, and as time allows, the effect of international treaties on Canada’s internal environmental regulation.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENSC317: Applied and Environmental Microbiology and Biochemistry

Examines the role of the microbial world, and the impact that microbial biochemistry may have on the environment, both alone and in combination with human activity. Through readings, seminars, laboratories, and lectures, the students gain an appreciation of the complexity, diversity, and versatility of the microscopic members of the environment. Pre-requisite: ENSC300.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENSC403: Industrial Processes

Several primary and secondary industries are profiled in terms of chemical engineering principles. Strategies for mitigating environmental impacts are assessed and participants learn the basic rationale for, and concepts of, pollution prevention and remediation. The evolution of the concept from its "birth," arising from the failure of environmental protection, to its rise to prominence through support from the precautionary principle, are traced. Strategies for mitigated environmental impacts are assessed. Pre-requisite: ENSC 306.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENSC406: Environmental Ecology

Anthropogenic stress on natural ecosystems is increasing at an alarming rate. The Royal Roads campus is used to look at long-term monitoring strategies and management. The laboratory component of this course explores the use of various assessment, analysis and synthesis techniques; in addition to illustrating some of the concepts and principles explored in the lectures. Students gain hands-on experience with scientific tools and techniques fundamental to the study of environmental ecology.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENSC407: Ecotoxicology

This integrative course exams the fate and effects of toxic substances on the various levels of ecosystem organization from molecular to global levels. Provides a comprehensive view of this emerging field through practical laboratory exercises, an evolving case study and theoretical investigations. Pre-requisites: ENSC 306 , ENSC 300, ENSC 317, ENSC 303.
Course Credits: 4.5

ENSC415: Environmental Management Tools

Introduces the concepts behind the integration of business and environmental management, with emphasis on the analysis and comparison of several environmental management systems (EMS). Covers the background of, and the basic rationale for, the concepts of pollution prevention (P2). A process for arriving at a publicly accepted Pollution Prevention Plan is presented and discussed, including a recently released report on the BC plan.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENSC418: Environmental Hydrology and Remediation

This course examines how fundamental physical principles governing surface and ground water movement affect the fate and transport of pollutants, and the techniques that can be used to characterize and remediate contaminated waters. This course also examines the use of planning techniques for minimizing pollution threat to drinking water sources and the aquatic environment. Situational assignments are given to examine the ability of learners to apply these principles.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENSC419: Land Use and Environmental Planning

Examines the contribution of land use and environmental planning to the creation of livable, sustainable communities. Provides the theoretical foundation for addressing the complex challenges of sustainability within land use and environmental planning, with specific case study analysis on watershed / coastal zone management. Assignments emphasize problem analysis and decision-making and require critical and objective thinking and writing/presentation to professional standards. Topics include land use planning principles and governance, sustainable communities, ecosystem management, and public participation watershed management.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENSC423: Environmental Economics

Economics is usually described as the analysis of the rational development and use of scarce resources. Students learn the principles of efficient allocations of all resources regardless of how well markets ration this development and use. Examines the pervasiveness of market failures for environmental goods and the effectiveness of different techniques and policies attempting to correct these failures or to mitigate their negative consequences. Illustrating examples are chosen as much as possible from the experience of British Columbia and other regions of Canada.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENSC430: Geotechnology

Provides a systematic approach to the application of geomorphological principles and techniques in environmental problem solving involving earth surface processes and landforms. The course draws on regional examples to demonstrate how geomorphological evidence has and can be used in effective management decisions. Through regular assignments, training is provided in field and laboratory techniques with which geomorphologists and other environmental scientists may measure, monitor and manage geomorphological processes. Specifically students will acquire skills and techniques in air photo interpretation, field observation, numerical modeling and reporting.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENSC431: Air Quality and Wastewater Management

Air quality management consists of a system of components that work together in order to minimize the effects of air pollutants on the environment and humans. The first part of the course reviews current air quality issues (such as acid rain and particulate matter exposure) and each component of an air quality management system such as emission inventories, monitoring tools, emission control methods and dispersion modelling. The emphasis of the course is to apply the theoretical material through tours, case studies, lab exercises and guest speakers. The second part of the course examines water and wastewater practices currently in use or proposed, with an emphasis on efficiency and cost effectiveness. It provides a survey of some of the contemporary problems with water use and wastewater treatment from a sustainability perspective and a forum for exploring some current biases in practice. Theoretical material is tied in with tours of systems design for disposal-to-ground, innovative wastewater treatment for cluster developments, and large-scale urban collection and treatment systems. Beneficial reuse of wastewater and residuals, cumulative impacts, eutrophication, coliform contamination, and human diseases arising from mismanagement of water supplies and wastewater are also examined.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENVM321: Tools for Business Decision Making

Explores the challenges and opportunities faced by business owners as business models respond to environmental sustainability, carbon neutrality, changes in financing and demands for fairness. Emphasis is placed on the importance of integrating personal values and objectives, organizational and societal goals, and market opportunities during the planning process. Includes use of basic accounting and decision-making tools.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENVM322: Sustainability from Theory to Reality

Explores the three imperatives model of sustainable development beginning with a historical exploration of the concept. From there, course moves to practical applications designed to develop an understanding of how the three imperatives of ecological, economic, and social sustainability interact. INSTRUCTORS: Dr.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENVM426: Management, Supervision and Tools for Decision-Making

The fundamentals of modern supervision, management, and ethics are explored. Emphasis is placed on the manager as the "leader" who sets broad organizational objectives, as well as the environmental manager’s role in strategic planning, setting goals, and establishing organization norms.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENVM427: Public Policy Formulation

Examines how government policy is generated, what purpose it serves, and some of the instruments used in its application.
Course Credits: 3.0

ENVM499: Final Comprehensive

Students demonstrate their skill at integrating the accumulated knowledge and abilities obtained in individual courses throughout the program in practical applications addressing environmental issues. The comprehensive exam is a scenario-type exam that encompasses all aspects of the courses to date. It takes place during the exam week at the end of each quarter. (Continues over 4 quarters.)
Course Credits: 1.5